Steps To Choose The Best Dog Collar

With the many styles of collars that can be bought, it is important to base a selection decision on the breed of canine. It can become increasingly difficult to make a choice for your precious pet and requires a clear assessment of the size and the features that it offers. When looking to buy a dog collar, it is important to base a decision on research into the options that are available.

From chains and chokers to bling collars and harnesses; a wide selection of restraining methods are available. Unfortunately, the success for a healthy and balanced pet lies in the training that is invested and not the product. For pets that are undergoing routine training to curb problem responses, there are specific designs that prove most applicable and manageable for owners.


The choker is a commonly used range that consists of chain links and may be connected to leather and strong fabric that restricts around the neck of the animal while pulling or lunging. The purpose of such products is to suffocate that may increase aggression and anxiety rather than curb it. With the correct types of reinforcement and measures available, it is possible to correct behaviors.

A popular choice is the standard buckle range that allows pet owners to attach a tag to the collar for pet identification. In case of your dog getting lost, these tags can aid in tracking its whereabouts. It can be purchased in a wide variety of materials that include nylon, leather, PVC, and other types of fabric that should be selected for its comfort and durability.

When teaching pets discipline and correcting behaviors on a walk, collars must fit securely and higher up on the neck region of the dog. It is better to manage pets that do not have to be restrained or choked with the use of specific types of apparatus. The item must provide a suitable fit as it will protect the canine from discomfort and from breaking free should the collar become loose.

Take the precise measurements of the neck circumference of the dog to ensure that the collar fits properly. Pinch, choke or prong collars can cause damage to the sensitive throat area of canines when pulling against it and these types of collars have been recognized as ineffective means of restraint. Purchasing a collar should be based on comfort and not stress the animal while it is worn.

A head halter is suitable for training purposes as it aims to correct undesirable behaviors. Owners will be able to exercise control over the direction of the head and close the mouth of a dog that may bite or lunge while in public. A positive approach and structure are required when using tools to correct bad behaviors in dogs.

The E collar is used post surgery as it prevents the dog from being able to reach areas that are injured. There are many different styles of collars that are available for purchase and should be selected according to individual needs. The overall quality and the durability of pets must be considered with a positive approach to training.

Games You Can Play With Your Puppy

Getting a new puppy might be fun, but training it to become an active, happy dog is very important. Playing games and doing exercise helps us to remain healthy and fit. Similarly doing these activities helps a dog to remain active. Puppies have a habit of taking naps throughout the day and the number of naps it takes totally depends upon the amount of exercise they get. Games are one of the best thing to do to have fun and playing games with your puppy strengthens your master-dog relationship. Here are some interesting games you can play with your dog or puppy:


Taking walks– Taking your puppy for a walk around the block or at the park is an important part of training. In each walk you can throw a ball for the puppy to jump and catch or you can teach him balancing by taking him along irregular paths. Taking walks can also help your puppy get acquainted with different sounds and smells in the environment. However keep in mind that running and jogging can be harmful if the puppy is too young.

Hide and Seek – This game helps a puppy to develop it’s hunting skills. This training requires you and one of your friends. You need to go hide somewhere and then call your dog’s name. Your friend will then release your puppy to go find you. Try it your pup will love it.

Fetching – Every dog likes the game of fetching. You can play this game safely in your fenced back yard. It helps to teach your puppy how to focus and follow instructions. For small pups soft balls and toys are the best for the fetching games as they are easy to retrieve and hold in the mouth. Try small fetching sessions to avoid exhausting your pup by playing too long.

Fun In A Pool – Swimming is an activity that is loved by many dogs. Water provides a great way for a low stress workout. If your puppy is new to the aquatic environment then try to use a small children’s swimming pool. Try playing water based games with a favorite floating toy. Getting your puppy acquainted with water at an early age will really help him to become a good and confident swimmer.

In order to have a good master-dog relationship with your puppy, you need to train him well. You need to teach him and make him understand your language so that he obeys your commands. Don’t treat him like a dog, treat him like a best friend and play games with him. If you do it right your pup will reward you with his companionship and loyalty.

3 Essential Tips on Selecting the Best Horse Feed for Your Equine Pet

If horses live in the wild, they will feed on pastures only. Similarly, owners are typically recommended to offer their equine pets only forage including pasture and hay. However, this diet may not give your pet all the energy, nutrients, vitamins and minerals which it requires. This is where horse feed comes into play.

There are many products to pick from so shopping can be overwhelming. You will certainly benefit from the following advice. It will help you to make the best choice.


Define your requirements precisely.

There are four major factors which you have to consider when selecting horse feed. The first one is the age of your equine pet. If it is younger than two years of age, you will need a specially formulated product which contains around 15% protein. If you have a senior horse, it will require special feed as well.

You have to take into account the activity level of your pet as well. More active equines require more carbohydrates for energy and extra protein which will keep their muscles, tendons and joints in optimal condition. These animals often require special vitamin and mineral supplementation as well.

If your horse has any medical conditions, you should get recommendations on its diet from your vet. The more precise these are the better. The final factor is the forage which you give to your pet. The feed must complement it nutritionally. Furthermore, if your pet cannot get forage for some reason, you need to look for a product which will replace it completely.

Check the ingredients and make.

You would want to get horse feed which contains only small amounts of sugar and molasses. The amount of oats should be moderate. The same applies to starchy ingredients as well. Some of the healthiest ingredients to look for include soybean meal, beet pulp and alfalfa meal.

It is best to go for a product which has a fixed formula and does not use any ingredients in proprietary amounts. Additionally, you should check the source of the ingredients. This is important because the ingredients sourced from different areas can have slight nutritional differences.

Go over the nutrition table carefully.

You have to check the concentration of crude protein, fibre and fat plus the levels of calcium, phosphorous and salt. Pay attention to the concentrations of any other nutrients listed on the label. You have to ensure that these match the diet requirements which your equine pet has.

You are now ready to go shopping for horse feed.

Goldfish Care – What a Wonderful Way to Teach Children

Life is fast paced. It is nice to actually stop and ‘smell the roses’ as the old saying goes. So busy rushing the children off to school, off to work, after school activities, soccer, dancing, piano lessons homework, dinner, bath, bed. Does that routine sound familiar?

Many of us are living a whirlwind with no time to just stop for a moment, take stock and look at what is really wonderful in this world. I’ve found a little time spent relaxing, sitting together with the children, just watching our goldfish each day rewarding.


I want the children to grow up understanding commitment. Trends and fads can easily take over every part of our lives, from the groceries we buy, the clothes we wear to the home we live in. The term ‘disposable society’ creeps into our vocabulary all too frequently.

Our young children have the job of feeding our goldfish. The feeding ritual itself is a lesson for children. Not only the commitment to feeding the fish daily, but they learn that variety is important to the health of the fish. Even goldfish need their fruit and vegetables. A little zucchini and peas helps to keep their bodies healthy, just like ours. Reinforcing the message of the importance of good nutrition.

They help with the weekly task of cleaning the fish tank. Being diligent with aquarium care and keeping the tank clean is vitally important to the health of the fish.

I love the deeper lessons our children are learning from taking care of their fish. Unlike cats & dogs these pets can’t go to the door when they need to go outside or want to go for a walk. Goldfish are completely reliant on our diligence for their needs. If we let them down we possibly cut their lives short. Their lives are completely dependent on our care.

The great thing about goldfish is that they are relatively hardy, particularly the comet breed. These fish are very lively and add great color to the tank. The tails of the comet are ¾ the length of the body of the fish and so look magnificent when added to an aquarium.

Overcoming society’s ‘disposable’ attitude can be difficult. Children are conditioned from a very early age to ‘throw away’ things that are used, or imperfect.

All too often a goldfish meets an untimely end and is disposed of down the toilet. With diligence, attention and a little knowledge this can often be avoided.

With care we can nurse our pet back to health. A small hospital tank can be set up to isolate and treat the sick fish. It’s a rewarding experience to see the fish recover and go back to his home with the other fish.

We go to the computer and research together. Setting up a breeding tank, learning and watching the cycle of life is another important lesson in caring and nurturing.

Keeping goldfish is a way of instilling a caring attitude to nature. The lessons for our children are invaluable: commitment, responsibility, nature’s live cycle and the importance of caring for life.

Apart from providing a wonderful addition to our home, these fish give our family so much more than the meagre attention and care needed for their survival.

Four Things To Keep In Mind When Buying A Dog From A Breeder

Finding that perfect puppy or dog for your family can be a lot of fun and with a little knowledge you can make the experience a good one with a happy ending for everyone involved.


This article is intended to give you some things to think about when you go out on the dog finding quest.

1. Puppies should be no younger than 8 weeks when leaving their litter. If your breeder wants you to take the pup at 5 -6 weeks go find another breeder. Responsible, caring breeders will not let you have a pup any younger.

2. Be careful when being offered the last pup in the litter. Why is it the last pup? Why did all those new dog owners pass on this one dog? Is it too shy? Is it stand offish or maybe it appears fearful. There is a reason that it has not been selected. You may be better off waiting for the next litter or looking elsewhere.

3. Beware of older pups. Breeders sell puppies at 8 weeks of age they do not want to keep the dogs any longer. That is not the business that they are in. When a breeder has that 16 week old or even a worse a 6 – 8 month old the problem always appears to be the lack of socialization. Plainly put MOST breeders do not properly socialize that left over puppy and that is where the problem develops. Puppies need to be socialized really well before they are 20 weeks old and usually it just does not happen.

4. What are mom and dad like? I always want to see the Sire and the Dam. Or they friendly and social or does the breeder say well mom is a bit aggressive so we don’t bring her out for display. That is another sign to pass on this litter. Aggression and fear can be passed on to the litter genetically so why take a chance. There are just so many pups out there why should you gamble with this breeding. Remember this dog will be with you for many years so make a good decision on which pup to choose.

Unsocialized dogs are very likely (almost always) going to start showing fear or aggression sometime between 12 and 24 months of age. Living with an aggressive dog is no fun and certainly can create a huge liability for your family. On the other hand a dog that has been socialized properly will almost always be a joy to own and can be active with many of your family outings and adventures.

Parrot Toys – Keeping Your Parrot Interested by Using Your Creativity

The art of keeping your parrot interested with toys can be a challenge. This becomes less of a challenge when using some creativity.

Your parrot’s safety should always be considered when creating or modifying toys.

Make certain that all materials used are bird safe. When using rope of any kind, make certain it is free from treatments and processing oils.

Inspect all toys for any loose parts that may cause your parrot to become tangled or where feet and claws could get injured. If in doubt, simply do not use the toy or materials. Always supervise your pet when becoming familiar with a new or modified toy.


Parrot toys are classed into several categories. In this article, some of the most popular categories are explained.

1) Foraging toys – Are a wonderful way to enrich your bird’s life and to satisfy the natural instinct. For a larger parrot, a great resource is an outdated phone book. Drill different depths of holes through the phone book making certain at least two go completely through. Secure the new toy to the parrot’s cage by inserting proper length bolts through the holes and fastening with washers and nuts. When considering smaller species, some great foraging toys can be purchased in several different designs. The addition of paper strips cut from paper bags or lunch sacks turns these toys into irresistible delights for your parrot.

2) Foot Toys – Are great for building your parrot’s coordination and foot strength. These toys are manufactured and sold in many different forms. Some of these toys consist of small blocks of wood or plastic that can be purchased at many vendors. A great foot toy can be made using a small piece of sisal rope and securing a large wooden bead on each end with a square knot. Another alternative is cutting pieces of card board or using small cardboard boxes.

3) Shredding toys – Are great for exercise and focus. These toys can also be purchased and modified by securing strips of paper to the items for additional shredding time. A great alternative is to wrap small toys and treats tightly in newspaper and place these trinkets in different parts of the cage.

4) Rope – Is good for exercise and coordination. Climbing ropes are great, but often times the rope remains installed in the same place. It is advised to relocate the climbing rope in different areas for your Parrot. To give the parrot more incentive to climb, secure ribbon or smaller size rope cuttings to the main rope at different spacing intervals.

5) Swings – Are great for coordination and strength. These can be purchase in many different sizes. A great way to make the swing more interesting is to add things just outside the path of the swing. This allows the parrot to reach for these items while swinging.

Cat Facts – Weird Things You Didn’t Know About Your Pet

Even if your favorite pet is a dog, you should know that cats are quite appealing creatures. Yet, you are not likely to know how weird cats can be. Here are a few weird facts about cats:

Surely you have known that humans are unable to drink seat water, as it is saline and dehydrates your body. But cats can survive by drinking sea water. Their kidneys are capable of removing the salt from the sea water, enabling them to rehydrate themselves.


We know that cats are gifted with instincts for hunting. In fact, they are so good at it that, in the past, cats that spent most of their time outdoors have been instrumental in the extinction of 33 species of mammals, birds and reptiles. They are rated among the top hundred most invasive species.

An interesting part of their anatomy is the fact that cats don’t possess any sweat glands. Well, they use their paws for keeping themselves cool. The sweat glands located in cats’ paws exude a scent which helps them mark their territory. In other words, it means that while they are scratching or walking, they are in fact marking their territory.

Cat owners would be aware that their pet loves to laze around in the sun or remain on their couch. It may surprise many to learn that cats spend as much as seventy percent of their life in sleeping. That amounts to sixteen hours per day! The reason for their being so lazy is the fact that they need to work very hard to locate and kill mice, their favorite food. They recoup their energy by sleeping.

Many of the older cats tend to develop something similar to what we know as Alzheimer’s disease. Cats over eight years of age keep roaming all over the house and look quite confused or dazed. That is the reason for their constant meowing. In case your cat is showing such symptoms too, the experts would suggest you to comfort it at night by providing it with an additional blanket.

If you thought that the role of whiskers is only to add to the personality of your cat and make it lovable, you are wrong! Cats utilize their whiskers to assess and ascertain if they would be able to pass through small openings. If its whiskers bend, it knows that it can’t pass through that little gap.

If you have been watching cats, you would surely know that they invariable land up on their paws. Nature has gifted them with some sense of the law of gravitation. In fact, they are trying to slow down on landing. Moreover, their sense of direction is very strong, telling them which side of their body is up and, accordingly, they adjust their body. However, cat’s body takes time to understand that it is falling down and adjusts itself suitably. They are more at ease when coming down from a higher place, as it gives them additional time to land safely on the ground. It is interesting to point here that more cats die on falling from two to six storied structures than from seven to thirty storied buildings.

Best Tips on Feeding Your Cat

One of the most important parts of having a pet of any type is making sure they are happy and healthy and a core element of this is giving them the right food. To understand what is the right food, it helps to understand a little about their dietary needs and with cats, this means the fact that they are carnivores. But what does this mean for the domestic cat?


The first thing to understand about cats is that they are very different to humans and their dietary needs are relatively inflexible. For example, they need to eat a lot of meat and protein. If a human ate what a cat needs to eat, we would all be suffering with heart disease at the age of 20. This is a clear example of how different cats are to humans and even to dogs. The latter point is important because many owners think they can feed their cats and their dogs the same but this isn’t the case.

In fact, dog food can actually be bad for cats and over a long period of time, potentially fatal. This is because it doesn’t fulfil the dietary needs of the cat and is filled with carbohydrates, which cats don’t process well through their bodies. Carbs can also lead to obesity and to diabetes as a result of it.

Great taste
When it comes to selecting a cat food, firstly ensure that it meets the standards set out by the governing body of animal food, such as the American Association of Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) in the US. This means that they are happy the food provides the minimum nutritional needs of the animal.

Don’t get drawn in by terms such as premium, gourmet and natural as these are simply tags applied by the manufacturer and have no standard – they may be no better than food without these tags.

The best way to see if your cat likes the food you have chosen is to give it to them but be prepared to offer up an alternative if they don’t eat it after a while. Cats will go on a hunger strike if they don’t like their food and this can dangerous for their health. Long-term hunger strikes can lead to liver failure and even death so if they really don’t like the food, try switching it.

Portion size
One of the most frequent questions from new cat owners is about how much food to give their cats. The temptation is that if they are eating it, keep giving them some more because they are hungry, but this isn’t really the case – they will eat it because it is there and will often be eating too much.

Whether the cat is an indoor or an outdoor cat affects their portions size, as does if they have been spayed or neutered. If you are unsure about portion size, speak to your vet who will give you the ideal weight for your cat and how many calories they need to eat each day. Once you know this figure, stick to it because otherwise, the cat will begin to gain weight.

Scheduling meals is another top tip. Cats often like to eat lots of small meals during the day so putting food out and leaving it there for them to nibble when they want is a good method. Giving half their daily food on a morning and half on an evening is recommended and keep treats to a minimum as these often have little nutritional value.

Top Cat Health Problems

Most breeds of cat are gradually being bred to be free from the genetic problems that were once found as a result of breeding program but this doesn’t stop a cat from contracting some of the most common health problems. The first step in any possible illness is to seek a vet’s attention but knowing the basics of these illnesses means you may be able to spot a problem earlier and solve it before it becomes too serious.


The most common type of cancer seen in cats is called lymphosarcoma and is a cancer of the lymph system that is connected with feline leukemia virus. It can be in the intestines or in the chest. Another common type is squamous cell carcinoma, which is particularly prevalent in white cats.

Symptoms of cancer can vary but include lumps, swellings, repeated skin infections, weight loss, lethargy, diarrhea and vomiting as well as difficulties in breathing or going to the toilet. Depending on the type of condition, the treatment can vary from chemotherapy to surgery if it is operable and radiation or immunotherapy treatment.

Lower Urinary Tract Disease
Feline lower urinary tract disease, of FLUTD, is actually a number of condition that can affect both the cat’s bladder and urethra. Symptoms can range from straining when going to the toilet to completely avoiding the cat litter tray. Licking of the genitals excessively, blood in the urine or any other similar symptoms may be a sign of a problem and can be of varying seriousness, with a urethral blockage potentially being fatal.

When it comes to treating the condition, establishing exactly what the problem is will be the vet’s first step. After this, the treatment can involve pain medication or antibiotics perhaps sometimes minor surgery if there is a blockage. The cat may also need dietary changes to deal with the problem or to stop it reoccurring.

The most common type of infection suffered by cats are those of the respiratory tract and some can even be prevented by vaccination. Symptoms of these types of infection range from a runny nose or watering eyes to cough, fever and even mouth sores. Many of these infections are viral in nature so the cat will naturally fight them off but it is always worth checking with the vet, as some of the rarer ones can be fatal if untreated.

Another common infectious condition is called feline panleukopenia. This is a viral infection caused by the feline parvovirus and symptoms include fever, bloody diarrhea, lethargy, dehydration and loss of appetite. There is no medication but watching fluid intake and overall health usually allows the cat to recover on its own, however in kittens under eight weeks it is often fatal.

Kidney Disease
Kidney disease in cats reduces their ability to process waste and can lead to a dangerous build-up of toxins in the bloodstream. It can come from a variety of reasons including kidney stones, infection in the kidney, high blood pressure and even exposure to toxins. It is also common in cats as they get older. Symptoms can include a decreased appetite, loss of weight, vomiting and diarrhea but others don’t have any symptoms at all.

While fleas aren’t strictly speaking a health problem, their presence can cause health problems. At the very least, cats will scratch and can overgroom, resulting in bald patches. Fleas and their eggs and excrement can also be spotted on the cat’s fur. Using flea control products for cats is the best way to deal with the problem but if they show any signs of a negative reaction to the product, get in touch with your vet. Also never use a dog flea control as it has different ingredients and can cause an allergic reaction in cats.

Tips For Preventing Cat Hairballs

In real life, you certainly cannot laugh out loud if you see your kitty obviously choking on something. Oftentimes, you will battle between immediately wanting to do a Heimlich manoeuvre and just thwacking the cat on the back. Ideally, this is a bad idea and might also be counter-productive due to the fact that the back of cats will not resist pressure like human backs do.

Well, experts say that your cat regurgitating hairballs must not concern your too much; unless, the balls will continue to become bigger and bigger, if they will be stained with blood, or if your cat will suffer from hairballs a couple of times in a week. You must be aware that it is very important for cats to take such indigestible elements out of their system. But in case the hairballs are stained with blood and the gaggling became somewhat a frequent occurrence for them, it is a smart idea for you to take your cat to your vet. Have your pet be checked by the expert since such situation might actually be more complicated than it may appear.

The Danger Of Cat Hairballs

When cat hairballs will become bigger and bigger, the danger in here is that getting them out can be very painful and hard for the feline. It is actually like constipation in the throat. When not addressed early, you might not be able to remove it; thus, it will result to a very serious health issue. If this will happen, your feline will lose its appetite and will certainly become very weak. To address such concern, your vet might prescribe laxatives or perhaps even a surgical procedure to be carried out in order to relieve the cat from the hairball stuck in its system.

Preventing The Occurrence Of Hairballs

You have to become more proactive when it comes to grooming your cat in order to prevent this hairy condition from happening. For you to reduce the risk of fur that is being licked off by the tongue of your cat, you have to comb the cat’s fur on a regular basis. Apart from that, you have to use a fine steel-toothed brushed as this will comb loose hairs. You must know that this can be very relaxing not just for your cat but also for you.

Other preventive methods that you have to implement will include feeding your cat high-fibre treats, hair-ball preventive, as well as using hairball relief gels that is capable of lubricating the intestinal tract of your cat so the hairball will be eliminated. Indeed, these methods will keep the hairy situation under control.